- "Jana Gana Mana" means "The Minds of All People"
- Originally written in formal Bengali language by Rabindranath Tagore
- Was set to music by Tagore in Madanapalle, West Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh
- First sung during a convening of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta in December 27, 1911
- A formal rendition of the national anthem takes approximately 52 seconds. A shortened version consisting only the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally.
- Controversy exists regarding the appropriateness of Jana Gana Mana as the national anthem of an independent India. The poem was composed in December 1911, precisely at the time of the Coronation Durbar of George V, and is a paean in praise of "the overlord of India's destiny". The composition was first sung during a convention of the then loyalist Indian National Congress in Calcutta on Dec. 27, 1911 . It was sung on the second day of the convention, and the agenda of that day devoted itself to a loyal welcome of George V on his visit to India.
- In 2005, there were calls for the deletion of the word "Sindh" and to substitute Kashmir in its stead. The argument was that Sindh was no longer a part of India (it became a part of Pakistan after Partition). However , the Supreme Court of India refused to tamper with the national anthem. Opponents of this proposal say that the word "Sindh" refers to the Indus or to the Sindhi culture and people who are an integral part of India's cultural fabric.
Here is the English translation...
"Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people, dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat and Maratha, of the Dravida and the Orissa (Utkalla) and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganga and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise. The saving of all people waits in thy hand, thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee."
And here is the transliterated text....
"Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka jaya hai,Bharata bhagyavidhata.
Punjaba, Sindh, Gujarata, Maratha,Dravida, Utkala, Banga,
Vindhya, Himachala, Yamuna, Ganga,Uchchala jaladhi taranga
Tava shubha naamey jaagey,Tava shubha aashisha maangey,
Gahe tava jayagatha.
Jana gana mangaladhayaka jaya haiBharat bhagyavidhata.
Jaya hai, Jaya hai, Jaya hai,Jaya jaya jaya jaya hai!"
Happy Independence Day !!!